Quoting and Paraphrasing: What's the Difference? Signal Phrases You you refer to the author's name in a sentence you do not have to include the name again as part of your in-text text, instead include the page number if there is one at the how of the quotation or paraphrased section.
T here are two ways to integrate others' research into your assignment: you can paraphrase or you can quote. Make sure to also include an in-text citation.
Affordable essay writing serviceIf you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work e. Reference entry Kraizer, S. Multiple Citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.
Make sure to include an in-text citation. About In-Text Citation In MLA, in-text citations are inserted in the body of your research paper to briefly document the source of your information.
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title.
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Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks. Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at the end of your in-text citation.
No Page Numbers When you quote from electronic sources that do not provide page numbers like Web pagescite how author name only. Paraphrasing When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words, cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion. Paraphrasing from One Page Include a full in-text citation with the author name and page number if there is one.
Thomas, H. University of Colorado, Boulder. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation for long titles just use the first few words. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. For sources with no date use n. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. In-text citations are usually included in the word count of your document. The citation will look something like this: Jones has concluded that If you wish to emphasise the information you have paraphrased or quoted from an author, then your citation becomes 'information prominent'. The citation will look something like this In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks. Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at the end of your in-text citation. No Page Numbers When you quote from electronic sources that do not provide page numbers like Web pages , cite the author name only. Paraphrasing When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words, cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion. Paraphrasing from One Page Include a full in-text citation with the author name and page number if there is one. Accessed 23 Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. For example: Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. Miller JSTOR, doi According to Franck et al. The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number s : Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Citing multivolume works If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter, and verse. For example: Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. Citing indirect sources Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source.
For example: Mother-infant attachment you a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John You studies Hunt For example: Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlby's studies Hunt 50, 55, Indirect Sources Sources that are paraphrased or quoted in text sources are called indirect sources.
How recommends you take information from the original source whenever possible.
How do I cite within my MLA paper? - LibAnswers
Proceed the in-text citation with 'qtd. Unknown Author Where you'd normally put the author's sample essay scarlet street name, instead use the first one, two, or three words from the title.
Don't count initial articles like "A", "An" or "The". You should provide enough words to make it clear which work you're referring to from your Works Cited list.
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
If the title in the Works Cited essay is in italics, italicize the words from the title in the in-text citation. If the title in the Works Cited list is in quotation marks, put quotation marks around the words from the title in the in-text citation.
For direct quotes, make sure to include page or paragraph number. Weston,p. The in-text citation is placed immediately after the information being cited.
Examples: "Nursing" 12 Repeated Use of Sources If you're using information from a single source more than once in succession i. Note: If using this simplified in-text citation creates ambiguity regarding the source being cited to, use the full in-text citation format.All rights reserved. The second quotation used in the paragraph came from page If your citation is at the end of a sentence, ensure the full stop is placed after the reference. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process
In-Text Citation For More Than One Source If you would like to cite more than one source within the same in-text citation, simply record the in-text citations as normal and separate them with a semi-colon. Examples: Smith 42; Big idea essay examples It Takes Two; Brock Note: The texts within the in-text citation do not need to be in alphabetical order for MLA style.