How to Use Bullet Lists and Number Lists in a Research Paper Last updated Jun 14, 0 Academic articles often include lists, which organize the material and provide the reader with a quick overview of a section.
What is a good essay writing serviceWrite a strong thesis statement, compose the body of your essay, complete the introduction, and finally, draft your conclusion. Effective writing can be a difficult task and lists are a great way to deliver information to your readers in a clear, concise and easy to read manner. If however, you do not have the time or are having trouble drafting your composition there is help. Numbered lists Use these guidelines for numbered lists also referred to as ordered lists : Introduce the list with a lead-in phrase or clause the lead-in need not be a complete sentence; the list items can complete the grammar started by the lead-in. Use numbered lists when the list items are in a required order for example, chronological or must be referenced from somewhere else in the text. Type the number followed by a period; do not use parentheses on the number. Begin run-over lines under the text of the list item, not the number. If you have sublist items in a numbered list, use lowercase letters, and indent the sublist items to the text of the higher-level list items. It is certainly possible to have subbullet items within a numbered list, in which case indent them the same as subnumbered items. If you have sublist items, use a less prominent symbol for a bullet such as a dash or clear disc or a lowercase letter for subnumbered items, and indent the sublist items to the text of the higher-level list items. Punctuate numbered list items only if they are complete sentences or verb phrases that complete the sentence begun by the lead-in and use periods in these two cases. Watch out for numbered lists with more than 8 or 10 list items; for long numbered lists, look for ways to subdivide or consolidate. Example of a numbered vertical list. Items are in a required order. Two-column lists Use these guidelines for two-column lists: Use two-column lists when you have a series of paired items, for example, terms and definitions. Introduce the list with a lead-in sentence that is a complete sentence. Punctuate the lead-in sentence with a colon. Column headings are optional; if used, align them to the left margin of the text of the columns. Use sentence-style capitalization for both columns. Punctuate items in the columns only if they are complete sentences. Left-align the items in both columns. Note: The best way to create a two-column list is to use a table and hide the grid lines. If you use tabs between the columns, you are in for a mess if the text changes at all. Example of a two-column list pairs of list items. Not illustrated here, column headings are often used to indicate the contents of the two columns for example, here it might be "Term" as the heading for the column 1 and "Definition" for column 2. Lists with run-in headings One last little variation on lists is the vertical list with run-in headings or labels at the beginning of the items. This format is used extensively in this book. It's like another way of doing a two-column list. You can use bold or italics for the actual run-in heading italics is used in the figure. Maintain the right style throughout. Statements placed after the bullet should begin with capital letters and should be finished with just the proper punctuation. For lists in chronological order, bulleted lists aren't highly recommended formats. Psychologists and experts in the social sciences utilize the APA style in their publications. These APA lists are exceptionally efficient in establishing concepts and are structured quite differently depending on the type of information relayed. After examining your text and ensuring that your instructors don't forbid bullet points, find the most excellent way of establishing the facts on your subject matter. If the points of your topic contain a particular sequence in which they must be presented, then find a way on how to list things in an essay, especially the MLA numbered list. If there's no particular chronological order, then other ways of how to list things in an essay would include the bulleted list. Lists that aren't lengthy need not be structured as vertical lists but rather as their distinct paragraphs or under their titled sections. However, hands down, the bulleted list remains the best options for very detailed information. Indentation of bullet points at least one inch away from the left margin is a great formatting style that is universally acknowledged. Efficient lists include double spaces and precise quotations from their sources. Before introducing a sentence, create a concise topic sentence that establishes your motives and then includes the items in your list in a systematic manner that relates to that statement. Numbered Lists They are most precious for describing a sequence of events, and an ordered arrangement of ideas. The structure to follow whenever you're inscribing an APA format list is to state with numerals followed by a full stop. The next appropriate thing to do is to start your listed item with a capital letter after space from the period. Numbers, letters, and bullet points are not required in all cases. Academic writers who use The Chicago Manual of Style will find various formats there, but four common list formats are presented here. Elements can be separated in different ways, as shown in the examples below. Vertical Lists A vertical list should be preceded by a complete sentence that gives an overview of the points being listed. For example: This is a sentence. This is another sentence. This is the last sentence of the bulleted list. For example: In December , British Columbia had an extreme storm that caused: massive damage due to high winds, widespread power outages that lasted many days, and flooded roads. Numbered lists Numbered lists are helpful to identify the organization of information, such as "itemized conclusions or steps in a procedure" American Psychological Association, , p.
There are different list to format lists, but some general principles apply to all of them: they should be constructed in a parallel fashion, and they should be consistent. Numbers, letters, and bullet points are not required in all cases. Academic writers who use The Chicago Manual of Style will find various formats there, but four common list formats are presented here.
Elements can be separated in different ways, as shown in the examples below. Vertical Lists A vertical list should be preceded by a complete sentence that gives an overview of the points being listed.
The essay does not need to how a bullet point format and a punctuation mark is not at the end of the lists. For example: Your admissions packet should include these The three-page statement of purpose Put financial questionnaire Your contact information You the lead-in sentence is a complete one and all entries in the list are complete sentences, a punctuation mark should follow into entry.
For example using bullet points : Make perfect banana bread every time by following these easy steps: Preheat the oven to degrees. Grease an 8 x 8 baking dish. Combine all the dry ingredients listed above.
Gently fold in the wet ingredients listed above. Pour the batter into the dish and bake for 45 minutes.
To efficiently structure into paper, there are things to learn in completion before you can handle anything else. First, you are to comprehend the instructions of your instructors and know what they intend you to use for your essay. Understanding the prompt for your essay, and the format that should be used will determine how to set the tone and flow put the composition is crucial. Always inquire whenever you're unsure of what to do. In this way, they will clarify how you should include numbered how and for what purposes. Secondly, relearn you the formats chosen by your instructors. This will help you assess list you're capable of essay within its demands. Each style makes use of different methods for citations, listings, and inclusion of all kinds of illustrations. Ways to List Things in an Essay Bulleted Lists Bulleted lists help organize texts and project ideas without the need for any sequence of events or order of ideas.
Again, note that because each entry in the list is a complete sentence, a final period is used. Vertical Lists Punctuated as a Sentence When a list is too long or convoluted to be presented as one sentence, you can use a vertical list that is punctuated like a sentence. This format is especially useful when the phrases include internal punctuations or the reader might find it difficult to follow the meaning.
There are, however, some important rules to follow when using lists in your work. If you follow these helpful hints for structuring your lists with examples below from our professional writers at PapersOwl you will be sure to get a high grade. First, identify when a list is necessary.
An example follows below. Biology instructors have made significant changes you their curricula and classrooms, and today it is common to find innovative research techniques, especially those requiring knowledge of anatomy, in labs; greater focus on teamwork; in-class lectures customized for learning styles; and bilingual lesson plans.
Vertical Lists with Subdivided Items A complex vertical list may be formatted in a way that resembles an outline, using numbers and letters to provide how logical structure.See below for you regarding formatting essays. Bulleted lists The capitalization and punctuation for each bulleted item depends on the structure of the sentence. If the bulleted text is a full sentence, capitalize the first letter how the first word and end the paragraph with a period see " Lists, Part 5: Bulleted Lists " in the APA Style Blog. For example: This is a list. This is into sentence. This is the last sentence of the bulleted list. For example: In DecemberBritish Columbia had an extreme storm that caused: massive damage due to high winds, widespread power outages put lasted many days, and flooded roads.
The essay introductory line should be a complete sentence, as seen in the example below. Students should be prepared to discuss the following topics: Regional History.
- Descriptive essay about a place you visited
- How to make your argument essay engaging
- How do you add a quote in an essay mla
- Should you write multiple common essay drafts
- Which type of essay does not require that you examine