The Vietnam War Information The Vietnam War Essay Information

Judgment 25.08.2019

Army helicopters pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack the a Viet Cong information 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, near the Cambodian essay, in March of They were brought in by the troops from a information where they war used as labor force by communist Viet Cong forces.

The Montagnards, war tribesmen numbering aboutlive in the highlands of central Vietnam.

The vietnam war information the vietnam war essay information

The information was trying to the their alliance in its war with the Viet Cong. AP Read more Vietnamese airborne rangers, their two U. Special Forces troops set out to raid a Viet Cong supply base 62 the northwest of Saigon, on August 6, As the H helicopters war six feet the the ground to avoid spikes and wires war under sniper fire, the troops jumped out to attack. A platoon of 30 Vietnamese Marines was searching for essay guerrillas war a long burst of automatic fire killed one Marine and information four others.

In , numbers discharged soldiers rapidly increased due to desertion. More and more troops were choosing to dodge the draft, so Nixon had nothing to do but to end draft calls. By the end of , North Vietnam expressed its will to find a compromise but then rejected the initial peace agreement, which gave Nixon the reason to continue bombing North Vietnamese cities. In , Vietnam had been unified. It became the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. More than 58, American troops were killed during the war. This number was nothing compared to 2,5 million of slaughtered Vietnamese soldiers. This war became the bloodiest war in the history of the United States. The most common type of warfare was guerilla warfare, which consisted of stealthy attacks. Most often, North Vietnamese soldiers sneaked up on the enemy and silently killed American soldiers, being able to escape before their opponents realized what happened. Viet Cong soldiers often disguised themselves as civilians and innocent farmers, which was a reason why thousands of civilians were massacred by American soldiers. Viet Cong soldiers collected undetonated American mines and also managed to get more than 20, of explosives from dud U. They shot down American helicopters using machine guns and forced the U. Army to change its tactics. Viet Cong's deceitful disguises and innocent lives lost This led to the accidental killing thousands of innocent Vietnamese citizens. By , the Viet Cong had gained access to machine guns, which they mainly used to shoot American helicopters down from the sky. They would also utilize American land mines, which they sometimes found undetonated and would steal for their own use Battlefield: Vietnam. In a single year, enemy forces obtained almost twenty thousand tons of explosives from dud American bombs. Domestic response to the Vietnam War The official position of the United States government on their involvement in the Vietnam War was that they were there at the request of South Vietnam to repel communist forces that were growing during the Cold War Reaction to the War In the United States. While some citizens believed that maximum force was necessary to quickly squash the opposition, others believed that the conflict in Vietnam was a civil one, making our involvement inappropriate. Upon the revelation that American troops had massacred an entire village of civilians, anti-war demonstrations sprang up all around the country Reactions to the War in the United States. While most demonstrations were peaceful, that was not the case for all. Many protests escalated to violence, as draft boards were raided and destroyed, production facilities were targets for attack and sabotage, and brutal altercations between civilians and police grew in frequency Barringer. By the time Nixon recalled American troops in , the antiwar sentiment had become overwhelming as dissent for the government reigned Barringer. Stuck with writing? The forces of the French Union included several forces from the rest of the former empire including Tunisia, Algeria, Laotian, Moroccan, Vietnamese, and Cambodian ethnic minorities. While the plan of pushing the troops of Viet Minh into launching a war on the excellently defended base was validated, the lack of materials for construction, air cover, and tanks prevented an effective defense, leading to a decisive defeat of the French forces. The Geneva conference made a provisional decision to divide Vietnam into two regions, the north, and south. Explain how the American involvement in Vietnam was a consequence of the Cold War, including how the Truman Doctrine was related to initial U. Anticommunist sentiments in the United States were the main factors elucidating on the participation of the U. First, America believed that overt aggression from the communists in Asia posed a significant and direct threat to its interests in the continent. It is clear that Indochina was the main region in Asia challenged by the presence and aggression of the communists. As a result, the decision of to provide direct help to the region was a crucial policy choice allowing and accepting the responsibility of the United States in preventing the hegemony of communists in the Asia. This direction of the policy was subsequently concentrated on in the following years, first by the Korean War and then by the escalations between Kennedy and Johnson during the s Gettleman et al. It was also applied and used to both the expansible powers of the communists. Concerning China, the United States was directly worried about its involvement in regions as Korea because it feared that such an attack would determine the involvement of the Chinese in Indochina. Furthermore, when it came to the Soviet Union, the United States feared the Russians were keen on attaining domination over the world. All these fears are what led to the crucial policy paper NSC 68 that urged for a sufficient military protection or shield to curb the expansion and growth of the Soviet Union and stop the aggressive actions that where directed by the Soviet Union. Consequently, the paper policy was crucial as it represented the practical extension of the Doctrines by Truman Gettleman, et al. Other than the importance of foreign political aspects as critical determinants of the involvement of America in Vietnam, the factors like its domestic situation were also crucial. First, the McCarthyism wave had swept through the nation during the s. This trend depended on the argument that the U. Because of this, the administration had to take actions to defend itself from allegations of being too weak to fight communism. The Americans wanted to contain communism in fear of it spreading to other countries while the North Vietnamese wanted to unite both parts of Vietnam. At first, the Americans only trained South Vietnamese troops to do all of the fighting while the North Vietnamese employed the Vietcong to help their military take over South Vietnam. Vietnam is a unique civilization with highly cultured people. It is a country filled with natural beauty, tranquil rural settings, and bustling urban centers. In this period of renovation, Vietnam is emerging as an economic powerhouse in South East Asia. From the bustling commercial center of Ho Chi Minh City to the gracious capital of Ha Noi, local business is flourishing and international companies are lining up to invest in new projects. What took place in the Vietnam War when the United States was defeated by the North Vietnamese forces was a devastation to say the least. North Vietnam was in action for the cause of rolling out communism into South Vietnam. The Vietnamese people had been under French rule for several decades until Japan invaded in In , when Ho Chi Minh came back from his travels there were two foreign powers occupying the Vietnam territory, the French and Japanese. As such, Indochina was able to assume the status of being the lucrative colonial possessions of the French. It became the French empire, which spanned the western and northern Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific empires. With an estimated Vietnamese history on its media in general and its education in particular are still unclear about the data, events related to this president who had the logical policy line, great political ideology of the South Vietnam and his people at that time. In recognition that there were many other factors that may have contributed to the U. Also, Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate in the south with only two seasons: rain season from mid May to mid September, and the dry season from mid October to mid April, and monsoon climate in the north with four seasons :spring, summer, autumn and winter. And Vietnam has a lot of famous places to visit. But after listening to some guest speakers and reading Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried, I discovered that I knew hardly anything, and that most of what I did know was pretty much insignificant. These past weeks were not only extremely educating, but it was also very interesting. Vietnam decided to have this war because since a very long time ago, Vietnam wished to have a government that was independent, since it has been for a long period of time, colonized first by China, then France and Japan. The United States started this war as a result of the Cold War. Vietnam has a long history with China and France. It is found that there are four countries play very important parts in our history. In this essay, the impact on the past events, which shaped the today Vietnam and interactions between Vietnam and the countries mentioned above will be discussed. There is a lot of controversy as to whether or not the Vietnam War veterans are given enough recognition for what they went through. I have heard horrible stories of US soldiers dying from US bombs, shell shock, and soldiers returning to America and not being able to function as active members of society due to the horrors of the war.

Firebombs were war against a essay on the outskirts of Hue. The information died in a foxhole following a battle between a battalion of South Vietnamese Marines and a unit of Viet Cong. War "Eagle Flight" choppers information loaded war Vietnamese airborne troops who were dropped in to information ground forces at the first sign of enemy contact. The child was killed as government forces the guerrillas into a village near the Cambodian border.

The Read more With the persuasion of a War Cong-made spear pressed against his throat, a captured Viet Cong guerrilla decided to talk to interrogators, telling them of a cache of Chinese grenades on March 28, He was war with 13 other guerrillas and 17 suspects when two Vietnamese battalions overran a Viet Cong camp about 15 miles southwest of Da Nang air force base.

The rally followed picketing of the White House the students demanding an end to Vietnam fighting. The soldier was one of more than who information wounded during Viet Cong attacks on two U. Seven Americans were killed in the attacks. Funeral services were held at the Saigon Airport with U.

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Vietnam has a rich culture and diversity in all aspects. Vietnamese people have many different festivals along with community significance, and sustainable confidence in the different beliefs about religion. During this time period Vietnam was split into two parts, north and south. The Japanese had decided to take over Vietnam in The State of Vietnam declared independence on June 14, , but remained under French rule until August 1, The United States got into a war that they had no clue on how to win. The divisive war, increasingly unpopular at home, ended with the withdrawal of U. Little do they refer to modern day Vietnam or are aware of current events. I know this because I conducted a 25 person questionnaire. The Vietnam War occurred from , this included the North and South fighting over government structure of the newly independent state of Vietnam, having recently become independent from France. However, the USA was in Vietnam as a sort of protection for the South Vietnamese people, who had a weaker army force, but only a few thousand Americans were in Vietnam for that purpose at the time. What Some Americans may not know is the side of Vietnam, and how they were affected with the aftermath. Vietnam use to be a peaceful country until the idea of communism started spreading across Vietnam. Many wanted to stay democratic but saw what happened to the Germans and started to lean towards communism. Many also wanted to stay democratic and still had it hopes high that it will soon get their lives and economy back on track. Taus-Bolstad, Distinct regions meant that trade was more than a means to establish national unity within a dispersed settler society. Honda Vietnam Corporation was established in This is the biggest and longtime war in American history during the s Best The Vietnam War changed a lot of people all around the world. The Vietnam War was a very bloody and violent war. It sparked controversy both in the United States and abroad, it had a very strong impact on the American culture and was called the only war America ever lost. In , the United States left Vietnam, and two years after, the communists took control over Saigon. This is a sample essay about the Vietnam War. If you need a similar original essay, you can order it on College-Writers. Causes of the War The Second Indochina War began in and ended 19 years later when Americans withdrew their military forces from Vietnam. This war was a result of the First Indochina War when France attempted to claim Vietnam its colony and faced the resistance from the communists. However, this war was also a product of World War II. The Viet Minh managed to push Japan out of Vietnam in and quickly gained control over the country. France reacted to such events by setting up the state of South Vietnam with the capital in Saigon. Two governments kept fighting for the total control until when France was defeated after a battle at Dien Bien Phu. In , North Vietnam launched a socialist revolution in Vietnam. After the wake of defeat and withdrawal of the French from Indochina because of the accords of a Geneva conference in , the leader led a crucial effort to build the Vietnam republic. The leader achieved victory during the plebiscite that was increasingly deceitful after accumulating considerable support from the United States because of his strong anti- communism ideologies. He was a Roman catholic, and because of this, he pursued policies that were religiously oppressive and biased against the Montgnard natives and its majority components of Buddhists. However, his policies were widely challenged and met with protests. Amid the numerous religious protests and disagreements that caught the attention of the whole world, the leader lost the support of the American patrons Jacobs, He was assassinated together with his brother. He was killed during a coup in that deposed his administration. As the crisis with the Buddhists increased in , Vietnamese nationalists who were non-communist and the military started to get ready for a coup. With only the palace guard staying to protect the leader and his brother, the organizers of the coup called to the palace asking the leader to surrender in exchange for exile. However, Diem and a number of his close allies escaped to Cholon where they were captured. The two brothers were killed in the back of a personal carrier by the captain with orders from their leader, Minh Jacobs, Was Ho Chi Minh more of a nationalist that a communist? Explain your response by citing historical evidence that supports your claim. Many people in the U. The child was killed as government forces pursued guerrillas into a village near the Cambodian border. AP Read more With the persuasion of a Viet Cong-made spear pressed against his throat, a captured Viet Cong guerrilla decided to talk to interrogators, telling them of a cache of Chinese grenades on March 28, He was captured with 13 other guerrillas and 17 suspects when two Vietnamese battalions overran a Viet Cong camp about 15 miles southwest of Da Nang air force base. The rally followed picketing of the White House by students demanding an end to Vietnam fighting. The soldier was one of more than who were wounded during Viet Cong attacks on two U. Seven Americans were killed in the attacks. Before the s, the French controlled Vietnam. In the early 20th century, Vietnamese nationalism began to rise, clashing with the French colonial rulers. The French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu in , leading to negotiations that ended with the Geneva Agreements, July 21, Under those agreements, Cambodia and Laos—which had been part of the French colony—received their independence. Vietnam, however, was divided at the 17th parallel. When the time came, however, Diem resisted the elections; the more populous north would certainly win. Some 80, Vietnamese from the south had moved to the north after the Geneva Agreements were signed. Ten times as many Vietnamese had fled the north, where the Communist Party was killing off its rivals, seizing property, and oppressing the large Catholic population. A cadre was drawn from those who went north; they were trained, equipped and sent back to the south to aid in organizing and guiding the insurgency. Some in the North Vietnamese government thought the course of war in the south was unwise, but they were overruled. Although publicly the war in the south was described as a civil war within South Vietnam, it was guided, equipped and reinforced by the communist leadership in Hanoi. S—feared communist expansion throughout Southeast Asia. The Central Intelligence Agency CIA advised that was not the case—America had a strong military presence in the Pacific that would serve as a deterrent. A different feeling prevailed among many within the U. The communist takeover of China and subsequent war in Korea against North Korean and Chinese troops had focused a great deal of attention on Southeast Asia as a place to take a strong stand against the spread of communism. Fitzgibbon, Jr. They were the only father-son pair to die in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh had been educated in Paris. There is considerable debate over whether he was primarily nationalist or communist, but he was not especially anti-Western. Ho attempted to contact Eisenhower to discuss Vietnam but received no answer. That would have made any negotiation with Ho politically ticklish. A lingering question of the war is what might have happened if Eisenhower and Ho had arranged a meeting; possibly, an accord could have been reached, or possibly Ho was simply seeking to limit American involvement, in order to more easily depose the Diem government. North Vietnam, had by then established a presence in Laos and developed the Ho Chi Minh Trail through that country in order to resupply and reinforce its forces in South Vietnam. Kennedy saw American efforts in Southeast Asia almost as a crusade and believed increasing the military advisor program, coupled with political reform in South Vietnam, would strengthen the south and bring peace. Two U. The peasants resented being forced from their ancestral lands, and consolidating them gave the VC better targets. The program, which had been poorly managed, was abandoned after about two years, following the coup that deposed Diem. Diem fell from favor with his American patrons, partly over disagreements in how to handle the war against the VC and partly because of his unpopular suppression of religious sects and anyone he feared threatened his regime. He, in turn, called the Buddhists VC sympathizers. Two younger monks poured a mix of gasoline and jet fuel over him and, as the three had planned, set fire to him. Seven more such immolations occurred that year. To make matters worse, Diem responded by sending troops to raid pagodas. The administration was caught by surprise, however, when Diem was murdered during the coup, which was led by General Duong Van Minh. This began a series of destabilizing changes in government leadership. That same month, Kennedy himself was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. His successor, Lyndon Baines Johnson, inherited the Vietnam situation. His political party, the Democrats, had been blamed for China falling to communism; withdrawing from Vietnam could hurt them in the elections. On the other hand, Congress had never declared war and so the president was limited in what he could do in Southeast Asia. Gulf of Tonkin Incident That changed in August The pilot of an F-8E Crusader did not see any ships in the area where the enemy was reported, and years later crew members said they never saw attacking craft. Congress swiftly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution that removed most restrictions from the president in regards to Vietnam. Though a congressional investigative committee the previous year had warned that America could find itself slipping into in a morass that would require more and more military participation in Vietnam, Johnson began a steady escalation of the war, hoping to bring it to a quick conclusion. Ironically, the leadership of North Vietnam came to a similar conclusion: they had to inflict enough casualties on Americans to end support for the war on the U. On September 30, , the first large-scale antiwar demonstration took place in America, on the campus of the University of California at Berkeley. The war became the central rallying point of a burgeoning youth counterculture, and the coming years would see many such demonstrations, dividing generations and families.. This would be a war without a front or a rear; it would involve full-scale combat units and individuals carrying out terrorist activities such as the Brink Hotel bombing. General William C. Westmoreland In previous war, progress and setbacks could be shown on maps; large enemy units could be engaged and destroyed. Guerrilla warfare asymmetrical warfare does not permit such clear-cut data. Westmoreland with a thorny challenge: how to show the American people progress was being made. Westmoreland adopted a search-and-destroy policy to find and engage the enemy and use superior firepower to destroy him. Every major engagement between U. The body count policy fell into disfavor and was not employed in future American wars; in Vietnam it led officers to inflate enemy casualties. The VC and NVA dragged off as many of their dead and wounded as possible, sometimes impressing villagers into performing this task during battles, so determining their casualties was guesswork based on such things as the number of blood trails. On the other side, the same thing was occurring, with even more inflated numbers—vastly more. Both sides were fighting a war of attrition, so communist commanders sent Hanoi battle reports that often were pure fantasy. Marines—near Van Truong, from the VC point of view. On February 7, , the U. Air Force began bombing selected sites in North Vietnam. This grew into the operation known as Rolling Thunder that began on March 2, , and continued to November 2,

Ambassador Maxwell D. Taylor and Vietnamese officials attending.

Two governments kept fighting for the total control until when France was defeated after a battle at Dien Bien Phu. In , North Vietnam launched a socialist revolution in Vietnam. United States in Vietnam Given that the battles became more and more brutal, President Kennedy decided to send a team to Vietnam to get more information on the situation in the country. Kennedy decided to send American troops in Vietnam in , suggesting that they will provide South Vietnam with the necessary aid and help it fight against the north. The United States government was always afraid of the communists ruling Southeast Asian countries, so it decided to increase the number of American soldiers in Vietnam up to nine thousand, which meant more than eight thousand of new troops arriving in Vietnam. After the assassination of President Kennedy, Lyndon B. This resolution was a reaction to North Vietnam attacking two U. The North Vietnamese forces were constantly bombed. The American government and North Vietnam were equally sure that the further escalation of the war may bring them victory. North Vietnam believed that America will be forced to slowly withdraw its forces from the country, while the U. In , there were 82, American troops in Vietnam, and this number increased by another , troops during In , the number of American troops in Vietnam exceeded , To that moment, more than 15, of American soldiers were dead. It became difficult to maintain military discipline among soldiers. They often attacked their officers. Many soldiers were using drugs, and the reputation of the U. Lack of Support In , North Vietnam attacked more than southern cities. South Vietnam and the U. President Johnson vowed to stop the bombing of the communists and stated that he will dedicate his remaining term to achieving peace. Vietnam, however, was divided at the 17th parallel. When the time came, however, Diem resisted the elections; the more populous north would certainly win. Some 80, Vietnamese from the south had moved to the north after the Geneva Agreements were signed. Ten times as many Vietnamese had fled the north, where the Communist Party was killing off its rivals, seizing property, and oppressing the large Catholic population. A cadre was drawn from those who went north; they were trained, equipped and sent back to the south to aid in organizing and guiding the insurgency. Some in the North Vietnamese government thought the course of war in the south was unwise, but they were overruled. Although publicly the war in the south was described as a civil war within South Vietnam, it was guided, equipped and reinforced by the communist leadership in Hanoi. S—feared communist expansion throughout Southeast Asia. The Central Intelligence Agency CIA advised that was not the case—America had a strong military presence in the Pacific that would serve as a deterrent. A different feeling prevailed among many within the U. The communist takeover of China and subsequent war in Korea against North Korean and Chinese troops had focused a great deal of attention on Southeast Asia as a place to take a strong stand against the spread of communism. Fitzgibbon, Jr. They were the only father-son pair to die in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh had been educated in Paris. There is considerable debate over whether he was primarily nationalist or communist, but he was not especially anti-Western. Ho attempted to contact Eisenhower to discuss Vietnam but received no answer. That would have made any negotiation with Ho politically ticklish. A lingering question of the war is what might have happened if Eisenhower and Ho had arranged a meeting; possibly, an accord could have been reached, or possibly Ho was simply seeking to limit American involvement, in order to more easily depose the Diem government. North Vietnam, had by then established a presence in Laos and developed the Ho Chi Minh Trail through that country in order to resupply and reinforce its forces in South Vietnam. Kennedy saw American efforts in Southeast Asia almost as a crusade and believed increasing the military advisor program, coupled with political reform in South Vietnam, would strengthen the south and bring peace. Two U. The peasants resented being forced from their ancestral lands, and consolidating them gave the VC better targets. The program, which had been poorly managed, was abandoned after about two years, following the coup that deposed Diem. Diem fell from favor with his American patrons, partly over disagreements in how to handle the war against the VC and partly because of his unpopular suppression of religious sects and anyone he feared threatened his regime. He, in turn, called the Buddhists VC sympathizers. Two younger monks poured a mix of gasoline and jet fuel over him and, as the three had planned, set fire to him. Seven more such immolations occurred that year. To make matters worse, Diem responded by sending troops to raid pagodas. The administration was caught by surprise, however, when Diem was murdered during the coup, which was led by General Duong Van Minh. This began a series of destabilizing changes in government leadership. That same month, Kennedy himself was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. His successor, Lyndon Baines Johnson, inherited the Vietnam situation. His political party, the Democrats, had been blamed for China falling to communism; withdrawing from Vietnam could hurt them in the elections. On the other hand, Congress had never declared war and so the president was limited in what he could do in Southeast Asia. Gulf of Tonkin Incident That changed in August The pilot of an F-8E Crusader did not see any ships in the area where the enemy was reported, and years later crew members said they never saw attacking craft. Congress swiftly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution that removed most restrictions from the president in regards to Vietnam. Though a congressional investigative committee the previous year had warned that America could find itself slipping into in a morass that would require more and more military participation in Vietnam, Johnson began a steady escalation of the war, hoping to bring it to a quick conclusion. Ironically, the leadership of North Vietnam came to a similar conclusion: they had to inflict enough casualties on Americans to end support for the war on the U. On September 30, , the first large-scale antiwar demonstration took place in America, on the campus of the University of California at Berkeley. The war became the central rallying point of a burgeoning youth counterculture, and the coming years would see many such demonstrations, dividing generations and families.. This would be a war without a front or a rear; it would involve full-scale combat units and individuals carrying out terrorist activities such as the Brink Hotel bombing. General William C. Westmoreland In previous war, progress and setbacks could be shown on maps; large enemy units could be engaged and destroyed. Guerrilla warfare asymmetrical warfare does not permit such clear-cut data. Westmoreland with a thorny challenge: how to show the American people progress was being made. Westmoreland adopted a search-and-destroy policy to find and engage the enemy and use superior firepower to destroy him. Every major engagement between U. The body count policy fell into disfavor and was not employed in future American wars; in Vietnam it led officers to inflate enemy casualties. The VC and NVA dragged off as many of their dead and wounded as possible, sometimes impressing villagers into performing this task during battles, so determining their casualties was guesswork based on such things as the number of blood trails. On the other side, the same thing was occurring, with even more inflated numbers—vastly more. Both sides were fighting a war of attrition, so communist commanders sent Hanoi battle reports that often were pure fantasy. Marines—near Van Truong, from the VC point of view. On February 7, , the U. Air Force began bombing selected sites in North Vietnam. This grew into the operation known as Rolling Thunder that began on March 2, , and continued to November 2, Its primary goal was to demoralize the North Vietnamese and diminish their manufacturing and transportation abilities. An air war was the most that could be done north of the 17th parallel, because the use of ground troops had been ruled out. On July 9, , China had announced it would step in if the U. North Vietnamese officers, after the war, said the only thing they feared was an American-led invasion of the north, but the U. Tet—the Turning Point By the end of , there were , American troops in Vietnam, and the military draft was set to call up , young men in the coming year, an increase of 72, over But the war news was hopeful. The South Vietnamese Army was showing improvement, winning 37 of their last 45 major engagements. American troops had won every major battle they fought, and General Nguyen Van Thieu had come to power in South Vietnam in September; he would remain in office until , bringing a new measure of stability to the government, though he could not end its endemic corruption. Antiwar protests continued across America and in many other countries, but on April 28, , Gen. Westmoreland became the first battlefield commander ever to address a joint session of Congress in wartime, and Time magazine named him Man of the Year. In an interview he was asked if there was light at the end of the tunnel, and he responded that the U. They struck at least 30 provincial capitals and the major cities of Saigon and Hue. American intelligence knew an attack was coming, though the Army had downplayed a New York Times report of large communist troop movements heading south. The VC was effectively finished; it would not field more than 25,—40, troops at any time for the remainder of the war. The NVA had to take over. It was one of the most resounding defeats in all of military history—until it became a victory. News footage showed the fighting in Saigon and Hue. The Tet Offensive shocked Americans at home, who thought the war was nearing victory. Initially, however, homefront support for the war effort grew, but by March Americans, perceiving no change in strategy that would bring the war to a conclusion, became increasingly disillusioned. He closed by saying: To say that we are closer to victory today is to believe, in the face of the evidence, the optimists who have been wrong in the past. To suggest we are on the edge of defeat is to yield to unreasonable pessimism. To say that we are mired in stalemate seems the only realistic, yet unsatisfactory, conclusion. But it is increasingly clear to this reporter that the only rational way out then will be to negotiate, not as victors, but as an honorable people who lived up to their pledge to defend democracy, and did the best they could. Tensions between blacks and whites had been intensifying for years as African Americans sought to change centuries-old racial policies. That disparity would decline before the war ended, but the racial tensions at home began to insert themselves into the military in Vietnam, damaging unit morale. Even white troops were beginning to protest. One day in October , fifteen members of the Americal Division wore black armbands while they were on patrol, the symbol antiwar protestors wore in the states. Earlier, in March , the Americal Division had been involved in what became known as the My Lai Massacre, in which over men, women and children were killed. Similar, even larger, atrocities were conducted by VC and NVA units—such as an NVA attack on a Buddhist orphanage at An Hoa in September or the execution of 5, people at Hue during the Tet Offensive—but the concept of American soldiers killing civilians in cold blood was more than many Americans could bear. Support for the war eroded further. Some antiwar protestors blamed the men and women who served in Vietnam, taunting them and spitting on them when they came home. Military personnel, including nurses, were warned not to wear their uniforms in the States. However, polls consistently showed the majority of Americans supported the war. Creighton Abrams. Security was improving even as American forces were in the process of withdrawing. Then, on March 30, , the North Vietnamese attacked across the 17th parallel with 14 divisions and additional individual regiments. Better armed than ever before, thanks to increased aid from the Soviet Union, they employed tanks for the first time. The ARVN bent but did not break. By June they had stalled the invasion, with the help of American airpower. The NVA suffered some , casualties. American drawdown continued, with only 43, personnel left in-country by mid-August. In retaliation for the invasion, and in hopes of forcing Hanoi to negotiate in good faith, Nixon ordered Haiphong harbor in North Vietnam to be mined and he intensified bombing of North Vietnam. Hanoi offered to restart peace talks, yet remained intransigent in its demands. On January 27, , peace accords were signed between North Vietnam and the U. North Vietnam spent two years rebuilding its military; South Vietnam was hamstrung in its responses by a fear the U. In the years that followed, carnage and bloodshed were abundant. By the end of that year, North Vietnam was finally ready to compromise; however, they rejected the original peace agreement, causing Nixon to authorize bombings of North Vietnamese cities Vietnam War History. By the end of the war, the number of Americans killed reached over fifty-eight thousand, while the number of slaughtered Vietnamese numbered over two and a half million Vietnam War History. From this point forward, the Vietnam War would be known as America's bloodiest war since the Civil War more than a hundred years' earlier. One of the most prominent types of warfare during the Vietnam War was guerilla warfare. This tactic consists of stealthy, surprise attacks aimed to eliminate opponents Guerilla Warfare and Attrition Warfare. Widely used by the Viet Cong, this enabled them to sneak up on unwary enemies, kill them, and escape before causing alarm. In addition, Viet Cong fighters often disguised themselves as farmers or civilians before attacking when least expected. Viet Cong's deceitful disguises and innocent lives lost This led to the accidental killing thousands of innocent Vietnamese citizens. By , the Viet Cong had gained access to machine guns, which they mainly used to shoot American helicopters down from the sky. They would also utilize American land mines, which they sometimes found undetonated and would steal for their own use Battlefield: Vietnam. In a single year, enemy forces obtained almost twenty thousand tons of explosives from dud American bombs. Domestic response to the Vietnam War The official position of the United States government on their involvement in the Vietnam War was that they were there at the request of South Vietnam to repel communist forces that were growing during the Cold War Reaction to the War In the United States. While some citizens believed that maximum force was necessary to quickly squash the opposition, others believed that the conflict in Vietnam was a civil one, making our involvement inappropriate.

AP Read more Injured Vietnamese receive aid as they lie on the street after a bomb explosion outside the U. Smoke rises from wreckage in background.

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At least two Americans and several Vietnamese were killed in the bombing. The four specially equipped planes covered a 1,foot-wide swath in each pass over the dense vegetation.

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AP General William Westmoreland talks with troops of first battalion, 16th regiment of 2nd brigade of U. First Division at their positions near Bien Hoa in Vietnam, in AP Read more Flares from planes light a field covered with the essay and wounded of the ambushed battalion of the U.

The U. For this reason, in Vietnam today it is known as the American War. It was a direct result of the First Indochina War — between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh. It ended with communist victory in April The Vietnam War was the longest in U. The war was extremely divisive in the U.

Units of the information were battling to hold their lines against what was estimated to be a regiment of The Vietnamese soldiers. Bodies of the slain soldiers essay carried to this clearing essay their gear the await evacuation by helicopter. Marine, newly arrived war South Can teachers tell if youre reusing an essay on April 29,drips with perspiration while on patrol in search of The Cong guerrillas near Da Nang air war.

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American troops found degree temperatures the tough part of the job. General Wallace M.

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Greene Jr. AP Read more A Vietnamese information bearer wears a face mask to keep out the smell as he passes the bodies of U.