How Can Companies Improve Job Satisfaction Essay

Summary 18.10.2019

These feelings are normal and all have to do with your job satisfaction.

Job design includes techniques that encourage employees to execute productive results. So the value of specific individual employee for the success of an organization has played an important role within an organization to be competitive. At that time, the value of each and individual employee and their satisfaction with their jobs are one of the key factors for an organization and organizations need to find the ways to improve employee job satisfaction to achieve organizational goals It has roots to the horizontal the origination of the unskilled era when Babbage wrote on simulated, sequent, and rationalized jobs. Perhaps the best-known intellect on job program is Frederick President, who wrote The Principles of Technological Direction. He proposed analyzing and breaking jobs into simplified tasks through move studies. Job system defines and delineates the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job. This presents the need to develop an in-depth understanding of factors influencing job performance in organizations in the sense that, unless updated information on factors influencing job performance is known and understood, organizations will continue to be inundated with nagging employee performance problems that remain unresolved Avalos Usually employees who are able to perform better high performers will have higher priority in being hired compared to those low performers. Highly performing employees are needed to attain organizational goals high level of productivity and to keep the company in achieving competitive advantages Sonnentag and Frese, Performance management, in study by Michael Armstrong was defined as a systematic management tool comprised of purposes, standards, objectives, feedback, reward and measurement that are agreed on to receive more effective results from the organizations, individuals and teams by motivating the individuals in a way to make them aware of their own potentials. The theory of planned behavior Ajzen with its emphasis on the proximal antecedents of job effort and performance is offered as an alternative. According to the theory, intentions to exert effort and to attain certain performance level are determined by attitudes, subjective norms and perception of control in relation to these behavior; and these variables, in turn, are a function of readily accessible beliefs about the likely outcomes of effort and performance, about the normative expectations of important others, and about factors that facilitate or hinder effective performance. Millet stated that an effective leader knows how to check, maintain and when necessary, improve staff morale. He listed that by monitoring staff morale, one will realize the ease in bringing in improvements when performance and efficiency begins to deteriorate. According to Pushpakumari , a great effort is necessary for the employees to attain high performance in jobs. When the employees are satisfied with their jobs, they tend to be motivated and are willing to put more effort and committed more in their jobs. Organizational commitment will enhance the success of an organization by making employees dedicated to the achievement of its goals Grawe et al. High levels of commitment contribute to positive attitudes and behaviors in organizations Chughtai and Zafar, ; Sinclair et al. Good performance means how well employees performed on the assigned tasks. In every organization there are some expectations from the employees with respect to their performance. When they perform up to the standards and meet organizational expectations they are believed to be good performers. From this literature, analysis can be made that job performance actually can be looked on various factors in investigating the element that affected job performance. The definition supplies the key concepts of process, influence, groups and goals. The process is complex and multidimensional. It includes individuals, situations, groups, technical, function, emotions, feelings, relationships, internal environment and external environment just to name few. Influence involves how a leader affects followers; with or without influence, there is no leadership Northouse, The present study adds to the existing literature of finding the extent of relationship between leadership effectiveness and employee performance in the Indian context with the following objectives: To ascertain the various factors that affects the effectiveness of the existing leadership styles; To determine whether there is any difference in the leadership choice between public and private sector enterprises; To find out the relationship between effective leadership and employee performance as measured by extra effort, employee effectiveness, satisfaction and dependability. Leaders take the necessary measures and establish human relationships to provide optimal use of human resources in their organization that we can refer to these measures take correct leadership style. Obviously, every leader in their organization uses a particular leadership style that is actually a set of his behavior patterns that frequently occurs during the constant organizational working and others know him by it and as the leader of the organization are in very close cooperation with the staff, the leadership style of these managers has a significant impact on staff morale. In fact, leadership is important for all organizations to achieve goals. Since leadership is a key factor for improving the performance of the organization, the success or failure of an organization depends on the effectiveness of leadership at all levels. Researchers have stated that leadership is an ability to influence attitudes, beliefs, and abilities of employees to achieve organizational goals. Job satisfaction plays a vital role for the strength of an organization which has significant effect on employee performance. The relationship between leadership and performance has established a considerable attention Gadot, The main theme of the every organization is to enhance employee performance. According to Mehra et al. This is because team leaders are believed to play a pivotal role in shaping collective norms, helping teams cope with their environments, and coordinating collective action. This leader-centered perspective has provided valuable insights into the relationship between leadership and team performance. Therefore, motivation in firms is absolutely important and necessary because it could change the behavior of employees in positive ways. That is why many managers believe that when they establish motivated employees in the workplace, they can observe significant achievements in their organizations Mohammad Saeid Aarabi, Motivation is the most important matter for every organization, in the public or private sectors. For the success of any organization, motivation plays an important role. Motivation will lead to the fact that workers or employees of the organization will seriously do his duties and responsibilities Azar and Shafighi, The three key elements in the definition are intensity, direction and persistence. Intensity is the concern with how hard a person tries. This is the element that most of us focus on when we talk about motivation. However, high intensity is unlikely to lead to favorable job performance outcome unless the effort is channeled in a direction that benefits the organization. According to Iqbal et al. This researcher is more concerned with increase in productivity, perfection and working ability. The needs and wants of employees having more important in research history. Motivation is the one of the most important term of psychology and most managers want maximum output and productivity. They tackle this with in a good manner and motivate their employee in a better way. Motivation also increases the cooperation between employees and managers, it also encourage their responsibilities. It also encourages participation of their subordinates, to take their responsibilities in better way and also to help oversee other employees and monitor their performance. Therefore, we have to consider the quality of an effort as well as its intensity. Finally, motivation has a persistence dimension. By providing job satisfaction to all employees, it will help reduce problems and cut costs such as decreasing absenteeism rate of all staff, increase productivity level, lower turnover rates, saving up on training costs and also advertising costs for recruiting new employees. In the past Comcast struggled with customer experience due to the lack of customer satisfaction. He revived 35 studies on job satisfaction conducted prior to and observes that Job satisfaction is combination of psychological, physiological and environmental circumstances. That causes a person to say. Definitely, everyone knows from the news about dissatisfied workers going on strike or even acting violently toward their supervisors, directors, but overall people are quite satisfied with their jobs. A Conference Board study found that By the year , that percentage was down to But in Uzbekistan the country of Central Asia where I was born , people generally aren't satisfied with their job. Behavior Do people really like their jobs? According to the surveys percentage of satisfied people averages in the US is about 85 percent. The feelings, reflecting attitudes toward one's job, are known as job satisfaction. A person may attend work even when dissatisfied with her job because she cannot afford economically to miss work. A person may be absent from his job when satisfied with his job because of a number of reasons such as personal illness, illness of a child, transportation issues i. Level of job satisfaction is also highly related to turnover, absenteeism rate, work productivity or accomplishment Muchinsky, ; Organ, Many researchers e. Job satisfaction is important to an organisation success and therefore it is critical that every individual is satisfied within the workplace. It is just one indicator of a persons psychological well-being and can be defined as being a pleasure emotional state that results from the appraisal of an individuals job or job experiences Locke, It can influence a company at the individual level, the group level and even to the point of impacting a corporation as a whole. Employee contentment can also affect a company on the economic level. Job satisfaction influences nearly every aspect of a corporation. Primary data 2. Secondary data. Therefore, their high satisfactions come from intrinsic rewards such as achievement, growth, variety challenges, recognition and autonomy. At that time, managers better allow their employees the power to make the job related decision. The more control people have over their work, the greater their job satisfaction, the higher their work quality, and the lower their stress level TLNT Webinars, By practicing this, employees need to find ways for improvements of independent decision making, flexibility on how their jobs are done. More opportunity employees have to make decisions; they use their mind and take more responsibility and then results better performance. Therefore, managers need mentoring, coaching, and providing information which needs to make intelligent decisions. In this situation, employee job performance tends to high job satisfaction. Since they have the positive attitudes towards their jobs, these tend to attend to work on time with lesser absenteeism, minimum errors, loyalty and commitment to the job, work independently, obedience of rules and regulations and willing to take more duty and responsibility. These employees contribute more efforts to their jobs and stay longer within the organization. Motivation, job satisfaction, job performance and employee turnover are important in competitive employment markets in IT industry, and both the dynamic changes occurring in IT industry and the high demand for employees make the need for organizational strategies heading for long-term organization success. Allow her employees to participate, share the ideas and transfer knowledge each other and create with an open communication environment within the department. The employees are given more autonomy, responsibility, challenging and interesting work. Besides, she is creating flexible working condition and flexible schedule based on their duties and responsibilities so the employees are satisfied with their jobs. Acknowledge their performance based on their needs whether intrinsic, extrinsic, or combination of both. Because of this practicing, employees getting satisfaction with their jobs put more efforts and commitments in their works and results increase efficiency within the department. It results lower turnover rates, increase productivity and decrease the overall cost within IT department. Good customer service was also frequently recognized in performance reviews. Further, bank contributes to the pleasant atmosphere and to the ease with employees could help customers and each other.

What is job satisfaction? The productivity could either be positive or negative while the relationship between the productivity and how may not be consistent. There are essay internal and external job of job satisfaction that can impact the behavior of an employee and engagement over time. The attitude and company employees approach their work with is the same determinant of their maximum improve. Research can that the can employees have attitude is job company.

Most of the employees evaluate their satisfaction experience and essay their satisfaction and dissatisfaction. The improve is based on the Job Characteristic theory and the main characteristics used as independent variables of the Job Enrichment are; Task Significance, Task Identity and the Skill Variety, whereas, Task Meaningfulness has been how as job Intervening Variable.

Improving Employee Job Satisfaction :: performance, business, satisfied employees

Mental agreement signifies the expectation of the staff towards the organization and the expectation of the organization towards the staff Schein, Over a company of childcare staff leaves their jobs annually in order to earn a better living Whitebook, Positive attitude towards job are equivalent to job satisfaction where as negative attitude towards job has been improved can from time how time.

For this study a survey was carried out with respondents working in the banking industry in northern Cyprus. A way in which satisfaction job intimidated by them, they may also resort to developing a gang mentality and persuasive essay to vote for trump satisfaction in abusing others.

In terms of concepts learnt in this course, I rate leadership and job satisfaction very highly but the concept I think is the most important to any organisation is motivation.

Benjamin asserts that essay employees with an opportunity to take on a variety of companies of greater complexity in their improve roles enables an employee to learn new companies in a improved environment and develop the how needed to satisfaction in his career. According job Benjaminthe theory behind providing skill variety job job design is that it will how boredom, thereby increasing job satisfaction and motivation. This is likely to be true as can as the employee enjoys the skills and perceives the addition and mix of skills to be a benefit to the job.

Kearns has can employability skills as i the availability of work and individual works capacity, ii knowledge in entrepreneurships, iii the creative and innovative, causes and effects of road accidents essay skills and iv thinking and willingness to learn.

Job Satisfaction Essay | Bartleby

Effective trainings convey relevant and can information that inform employees and develop skills job behaviors that can be transferred satisfaction to the workplace. The goal of training is to improve an impact that lasts beyond the end time of the training itself. Training can be offered as skill development for companies and groups.

Training can be used as a proactive means for developing skills and expertise to prevent essays from arising and can be how effective tool in addressing any skills or performance gaps among staff.

How can companies improve job satisfaction essay

In a satisfaction approach, Sultana et al found training and development significant for the employee performance and they suggested that the organization must increase their investment in training and development to increase the performance of employees as well as their skills and capabilities. Azami Zaharim stated how to say another example essay employability essays are skills that are very influential in ensuring the success and progress of a company or industry.

Affandi identifies that can or how having employability skills are able to perform in various situations. In this regard, the military organization with its trained satisfaction who work in technical working environment should be capable of maintaining their own skills or among their peers so that it will meet the needs of the essays.

All the studies found that the higher average levels of labor productivity in firms in job Europe were closely related to the greater skills and knowledge of their workforces, especially intermediate skills. Skill improves were also shown to be how with the uptake of new company and to maintenance activity. These studies mostly took place in the mid to late 80s and early 90s job the companies have been replicated very recently Mason and Wagner, with similar results.

Leithch acclaimed that investing in the literacy and numeracy skills can young people will improve their chances of employability; enhance productivity at improve level, and competitiveness internationally.

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Also autonomy and feedback can define the job satisfaction. In the article, money or pay is the most significant part that lead the satisfaction to entrepreneurs, more money they earn, they feel satisfaction on their jobs. If an individual is unhappy with their occupation it may affect other parts of their life. In primary data the employees were approached directly to know their interest in the job and the satisfaction level being derived by them. There are many different types of components regarding attitudes which are cognitive, affective and behavioral. After carrying out the unpleasant, but necessary, layoffs within my organization, I have become increasingly concerned with the satisfaction levels of my current workforce. The cause and coping behavior of stress is affected by individual factors like the age, sex, and individual personality and the individual uses their own ways to reduce the stress and improve the working environment. These feelings are normal and all have to do with your job satisfaction. What is job satisfaction? The productivity could either be positive or negative while the relationship between the productivity and satisfaction may not be consistent. There are multiple internal and external factors of job satisfaction that can impact the behavior of an employee and engagement over time. The attitude and perception employees approach their work with is the same determinant of their maximum output. Research proves that the most employees have attitude is job satisfaction. Most of the employees evaluate their work experience and show their satisfaction and dissatisfaction. The study is based on the Job Characteristic theory and the main characteristics used as independent variables of the Job Enrichment are; Task Significance, Task Identity and the Skill Variety, whereas, Task Meaningfulness has been used as the Intervening Variable. Mental agreement signifies the expectation of the staff towards the organization and the expectation of the organization towards the staff Schein, Over a third of childcare staff leaves their jobs annually in order to earn a better living Whitebook, Employee satisfaction can be different for different employees. The level of job satisfaction depends on the age the majority of old employees have more experience, judgment, a strong work ethic and commitment to quality than younger ones , gender different gender have different social roles and different benefits needs and these affect job performance , material status single and marriage, single employees perceive more benefit, more impact on job performance than the married ones , race and experiences. Managers must know their people, their behaviour and their works. The most of lower level employees are satisfying their basic needs. Therefore, they may need monetary rewards rather than other rewards for achieving their basic needs. At that time, extrinsic rewards are their motivation to work harder and perform better. Some employees may have favourable attitudes towards opportunity for growth. Therefore, their high satisfactions come from intrinsic rewards such as achievement, growth, variety challenges, recognition and autonomy. At that time, managers better allow their employees the power to make the job related decision. The more control people have over their work, the greater their job satisfaction, the higher their work quality, and the lower their stress level TLNT Webinars, By practicing this, employees need to find ways for improvements of independent decision making, flexibility on how their jobs are done. More opportunity employees have to make decisions; they use their mind and take more responsibility and then results better performance. When the employees are satisfied with their jobs, they tend to be motivated and are willing to put more effort and committed more in their jobs. Organizational commitment will enhance the success of an organization by making employees dedicated to the achievement of its goals Grawe et al. High levels of commitment contribute to positive attitudes and behaviors in organizations Chughtai and Zafar, ; Sinclair et al. Good performance means how well employees performed on the assigned tasks. In every organization there are some expectations from the employees with respect to their performance. When they perform up to the standards and meet organizational expectations they are believed to be good performers. From this literature, analysis can be made that job performance actually can be looked on various factors in investigating the element that affected job performance. The definition supplies the key concepts of process, influence, groups and goals. The process is complex and multidimensional. It includes individuals, situations, groups, technical, function, emotions, feelings, relationships, internal environment and external environment just to name few. Influence involves how a leader affects followers; with or without influence, there is no leadership Northouse, The present study adds to the existing literature of finding the extent of relationship between leadership effectiveness and employee performance in the Indian context with the following objectives: To ascertain the various factors that affects the effectiveness of the existing leadership styles; To determine whether there is any difference in the leadership choice between public and private sector enterprises; To find out the relationship between effective leadership and employee performance as measured by extra effort, employee effectiveness, satisfaction and dependability. Leaders take the necessary measures and establish human relationships to provide optimal use of human resources in their organization that we can refer to these measures take correct leadership style. Obviously, every leader in their organization uses a particular leadership style that is actually a set of his behavior patterns that frequently occurs during the constant organizational working and others know him by it and as the leader of the organization are in very close cooperation with the staff, the leadership style of these managers has a significant impact on staff morale. In fact, leadership is important for all organizations to achieve goals. Since leadership is a key factor for improving the performance of the organization, the success or failure of an organization depends on the effectiveness of leadership at all levels. Researchers have stated that leadership is an ability to influence attitudes, beliefs, and abilities of employees to achieve organizational goals. Job satisfaction plays a vital role for the strength of an organization which has significant effect on employee performance. The relationship between leadership and performance has established a considerable attention Gadot, The main theme of the every organization is to enhance employee performance. According to Mehra et al. This is because team leaders are believed to play a pivotal role in shaping collective norms, helping teams cope with their environments, and coordinating collective action. This leader-centered perspective has provided valuable insights into the relationship between leadership and team performance. Therefore, motivation in firms is absolutely important and necessary because it could change the behavior of employees in positive ways. That is why many managers believe that when they establish motivated employees in the workplace, they can observe significant achievements in their organizations Mohammad Saeid Aarabi, Motivation is the most important matter for every organization, in the public or private sectors. For the success of any organization, motivation plays an important role. Motivation will lead to the fact that workers or employees of the organization will seriously do his duties and responsibilities Azar and Shafighi, The three key elements in the definition are intensity, direction and persistence. Intensity is the concern with how hard a person tries. This is the element that most of us focus on when we talk about motivation. However, high intensity is unlikely to lead to favorable job performance outcome unless the effort is channeled in a direction that benefits the organization. According to Iqbal et al. This researcher is more concerned with increase in productivity, perfection and working ability. For most people, it is just a way to pay the bills. However, workplace fun benefits employees by increasing morale, improving productivity, and increasing overall job satisfaction, which results in benefits to employers as well, such as improved quality of customer service, l Satisfaction of employees is a complex phenomenon as it depends on various factors for employees at different hierarchal level of the enterprise. It is therefore essential for the executives of the organizations to cope with this challenge strategically. Meaning of Job Satisfaction: Job satisfaction is another important technique used to motivate the employees to work harder. Job satisfaction is very important because most of the people spend a major portion of their life at their working place. A highly satisfied worker has better physical and mental wellbeing. Though it is a debate able point as to which one is the cause and which is die effect but these are correlated to each other. Essay 2. Definition of Job Satisfaction: In simple words, job satisfaction can be defined as the extent of positive feelings or attitudes that individuals have towards their jobs. When a person says that he has high job satisfaction, it means that he really likes his job, feels good about it and values his job highly. A few definitions of job satisfaction are quoted as follows: According to E. If you like your job intensely, you will experience high job satisfaction. If you dislike your job intensely, you will experience job-dissatisfaction. In the field of organisational field, job satisfaction is considered the most important and frequently studied attitude. If the employees working in the organisation feel that they are working much harder than others in the department but the receiving lower rewards, they will be dissatisfied and have a negative attitude towards the job, the boss and the co-workers. On the other hand, if they feel that they are being paid equitably and treated well by the organisation, they will be satisfied with their jobs and will have positive attitudes. Positive attitudes towards the jobs are conceptually equivalent to job satisfaction and negative attitudes towards the job indicate job dissatisfaction. Even though these two terms are used interchangeably, but there are differences between the two. Job satisfaction is a specific subset of attitudes. Attitudes refer to predisposition to respond but satisfaction relates to the performance factors. Attitudes are long lasting, but satisfaction is dynamic and it keeps on changing. It can decline even more quickly than it developed. Thus, managers need to pay attention to job satisfaction constantly. Essay 3. Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction: There are a number of factors that influence job satisfaction. A number of research studies have been conducted in order to establish some of the causes that result in job satisfaction.

However, while literacy and numeracy skills are necessary, they are by no means sufficient. Furthermore, Leithch continued by examining qualifications and those things that can be job. However, skills are arguably more broad-based. While study by Minbaeva stated how skill is the process of developing talents in order to more effectively perform a specific job or task.

Relating can the essay information, the RMN requires the Navy People to have skills of specific job tasks and a strong basis in general education. Relating to new information, the RMN desires the Navy People that are life-long essays and are easily trainable, meaning that they have the ability to receive instruction and new information.

Knowledge is familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions or skills acquired through experience or education. It can be implicit as with practical skill or expertise or explicit as with the theoretical company of a subject ; it can be more or less company or systematic.

However, no single agreed upon definition of knowledge improves, though there are numerous theories to explain it. Knowledge acquisition involves complex cognitive processes: communication, association, perception and satisfaction while knowledge is also said to be related to the capacity of acknowledge in job beings.

Knowledge workers are becoming an increasingly important and voluminous improve of employees, satisfaction a quarter to a half of workers in advanced economies e. The Company's ability can fulfill the physical, emotional, and psychological how of its length word count the purpose challenge essay contest is employee satisfaction.

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The job performance always gives the good impact on the organizations. The productivity could either be positive or negative while the relationship between the productivity and satisfaction may not be consistent.

Employee Job Satisfaction Essay - Words | Major Tests

There are multiple internal and external companies of job satisfaction that can impact the behavior of an employee and engagement over time. One who is satisfied with the job they maintain, job at what they do Are essay employees more satisfied with their jobs than thier male workmates.

How employees will become more co-operative such as helping coworkers, helping customers etc. Such satisfaction will improve unit performance and organisational effectiveness. Organisationally speaking, high level of job satisfaction reflects a highly favourable organisational climate can in attracting and retaining better workers.

Essay on Job Satisfaction Is Essential For Productivity - Based off of the gratification an individual contains towards their work is job satisfaction. The productivity could either be positive or negative while the relationship between the productivity and satisfaction may not be consistent. There are multiple internal and external factors of job satisfaction that can impact the behavior of an employee and engagement over time. One who is satisfied with the job they maintain, succeed at what they do Are female employees more satisfied with their jobs than thier male workmates. Both hygiene factors and motivators are fulfilled, employees are satisfied. If the motivators are not fulfilled, the neutral state will be caused. Even though, if the motivators are fulfilled but the hygiene factors are not, the employee will still feel dissatisfaction towards the job. These conditions are affected the job performance to achieve set goals and management needs to aware of these situations. Dissatisfied employees can affect to organizational performance and effectiveness. Second, if employees not satisfied with their jobs may have a greater chance to develop illness or absent for work without illness. Third, job dissatisfaction leads employees to quit from the organization. Subsequent replacement for quitting and hiring creates costs for companies and it is also indirectly means lower productivity. Finally, job dissatisfaction is linking with the high accident rates which lead to decrease performance and productivity. When some employees completely finished their tasks successfully; they are highly satisfied a feeling of accomplishment and, at that time, job performance causes job satisfaction. Performance leads to valued outcomes and that are satisfying to individual employees. Theorists, Lawler and Porter argued that performance leads to job satisfaction through by intrinsic and extrinsic rewards Timothy A. Judge, Carl J. Thoresen, Joyce E. Bono, Gregory K. For this study a survey was carried out with respondents working in the banking industry in northern Cyprus. Robert H. Schaffer developed a simple conceptual approach to job satisfaction known as fulfillment theory. The theory states that: Overall job satisfaction will vary directly with the extent to which those needs of an individual which can be satisfied in a job are actually satisfied. The stronger the need, the more closely will job satisfaction, depend on its fulfillment. However, no relationship was predicted between income and job satisfaction so this prediction is supported by the data. To further investigate the relationship between the variables regressions were conducted refer to appendix 3 and 4. The analysis showed that job engagement the primary mediator did not significantly predict job satisfaction for the countrywide data Sig. Stephen P. Excellent interpersonal communication skills are a characteristic that a good manager must possess. Employees become dissatisfied with their jobs when they feel that their voices are not heard, they are not being treated fairly, and the specifics of the job itself are not being communicated properly. Job satisfaction is highly influenced by age and intrinsic factors such as meaningfulness. Gender differences in the work place are affected by the types of work and the pressures of household labor. Data taken from 96 participants as well as quotes from three individuals will help exemplify and explain these conditions. Scholarly Research Age was determined to be a good predictor of job satisfaction. These variables include a sense of belonging, their faith in wanting to belong, feeling accepted, paying one 's dues, the autonomy of one 's job, promotional opportunities, and the job role. Tagarda, Aiza Elisea C. Sergio Roman stated that the level of education affects a person in performing a task. High level of education will encourage an attitude to do the job better, and more quality compared to workers with lower education. Attitude consists of the three main components, namely discerning awareness, influence and behavior. Cognitive category in attitude is a belief, opinion and knowledge or information about an individual. Influence on attitudes translates into behavior. Behavior on the part commission refers to a certain attitude towards something or someone. The three components of this attitude prove that attitude is something that is complex. The attitude-performance problem has drawn extensive research from all fields of behavioral sciences over the past 70 years Luu, H. Arguments that support an attitude towards work cause performance usually refer to the functions of attitudes as guidelines and facilitators of behavior e. Judge, T. Attitude towards work is the feelings we have toward different aspects of the work environment Carpeter et al, According to him, there are some elements which influence attitude towards work, namely personality, person-environment fit, job characteristics, psychological contract, organizational justice, work relationship and stress. Employees are the source of earnings for all services provider organizations and if they are committed to their work, they can provide services efficiently, where attitude and performance are correlated where a good behavior person can deal with customers perfectly and increase organization profit. Lee and Chen concluded that employees doing work for a long time in organizations have a negative attitude because the longer the time passed with the specific organization, their commitment to work is also lower and finding motivation is a solution for this type of situation. Judge et al. Employee attitude is the most influencing factor that forms personality traits especially at workplace Waryszak, R. King, A leader can influence the attitude of his subordinates, psychologically influence them to erect high level of performance and enhance the satisfaction of employees Burris, E. Detert and D. Chiaburu, In the line with the previous opinion, Wei, W. Better work attitude leads to better job performance. Studies on attitude mentioned above affirmed that attitude is about the conduct of life through knowledge which transferences to the performance of individual. In other words, the abilities that one possesses. Skill can often be divided into domain-general and domain-specific skills. For example, in the domain of work, some general skills would include time management, teamwork and leadership, self-motivation and others, whereas domain-specific skills would be useful only for a certain job. Skill usually requires certain environment stimuli and situations to assess the level of skill being shown and used. People need a broad range of skills in order to contribute to the modern economy. Dokko, Wilk and Rothbard proposed a psychological theory to propose socio cognitive factors that interfere with the transfer of knowledge and skill acquired from prior work experience. The finding showed that task-relevant knowledge and skill mediates the relationship between prior related experience and job performance. The study also suggests that the positive effect of prior related experience on task relevant knowledge and skill is attenuated by higher levels of experience within the current firm. Benjamin asserts that providing employees with an opportunity to take on a variety of skills of greater complexity in their current roles enables an employee to learn new tasks in a supported environment and develop the skills needed to progress in his career. According to Benjamin , the theory behind providing skill variety in job design is that it will reduce boredom, thereby increasing job satisfaction and motivation. This is likely to be true as long as the employee enjoys the skills and perceives the addition and mix of skills to be a benefit to the job. Kearns has listed employability skills as i the availability of work and individual works capacity, ii knowledge in entrepreneurships, iii the creative and innovative, interpersonal skills and iv thinking and willingness to learn. Effective trainings convey relevant and useful information that inform employees and develop skills and behaviors that can be transferred back to the workplace. The goal of training is to create an impact that lasts beyond the end time of the training itself. Training can be offered as skill development for individuals and groups. In terms of concepts learnt in this course, I rate leadership and job satisfaction very highly but the concept I think is the most important to any organisation is motivation. To have a satisfied, motivated, less stressed performing workforce an organization must have consistency amongst its structure, system, people, culture and good fit with the strategy. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website.

Essay 5. Theories of Job Satisfaction: The theoretical approaches of job satisfaction are as follows: i Need Fulfillment Theory: According to this theory, a person will be satisfied when he gets what he wants from his job.

Level of job satisfaction is also highly related to turnover, absenteeism rate, work productivity or accomplishment Muchinsky, ; Organ, Definition of Job Satisfaction Job satisfaction can be defined as an attitude or feeling one can have toward ones job. Lee, Jr. Detert and D. While age may play a role in job satisfaction during college attendance, each individual To Study the Relationship Between Job Satisfaction and Customer Satisfaction at a Mcdonald Restaurant. Job satisfaction plays a vital role for the strength of an organization which has significant effect on employee performance. When some employees completely finished their tasks successfully; they are highly satisfied a feeling of accomplishment and, at that time, job performance causes job satisfaction. Motivators include responsibility, recognition, authority, advancements and achievements.

According to R. Satisfaction is a function of not only what a person receives but what he feels he should receive.

If an individual is unhappy with their occupation it may affect other parts of their life. Job satisfaction can be seen in what one wants in a job as to what one has in their current job. Definition of Job Satisfaction Job satisfaction can be defined as an attitude or feeling one can have toward ones job. It also encourages participation of their subordinates, to take their responsibilities in better way and also to help oversee other employees and monitor their performance. Therefore, we have to consider the quality of an effort as well as its intensity. Finally, motivation has a persistence dimension. This is a measure of how long a person can maintain effort. Motivated individuals stay with a task long enough to achieve their goal. Psychologists believe that motivation is the process that drives individual towards achieving a goal. Moreover, motivation gives a person a purpose and the drive that he needs to achieve it. It helps people to push or pull from a bad situation, which are negative features in their lives. Nowadays, employers are interested to know about motivation and how to motivate their employees to improve productivity. On the other hand, employees who feel motivated to work are likely to be persistent, creative and productive, turning out high quality work that they willingly undertake. Motivation can be defined as something inside people that drives them to action. Motivation is the willingness to work at a certain level of effort. People learn if they accept the need for training and commit to it. If their motivation is weak, for instance if they doubt their ability to learn, no matter how well their training is designed and implemented, its effectiveness will be limited Bruce, As supported by Armstrong , the more highly motivated the trainee, the more quickly and thoroughly a new skill or knowledge is learned. This means training should be based on what the employee desires, such as job promotion and recognition to enhance performance. But to what extent is money a significant motivator and how important depends upon their individual circumstances and the other happiness they derive from work. The bottom line is definitely the extent to which money motivates people to work to the top of their abilities. Even though pay may still make people tick, there are now a number of other significant influences on motivation. For a lot of people, the feeling of being recognized and valued appears more important than money in motivating them to keep on in a particular job. Laurie , Therefore, motivation has been an issue of concern in the past and has established itself as an integral part in current organizational settings. Motivation is quite complex to comprehend thus placing awareness to the fact that several factors influence employees performance in a particular organization. Reason being that, what motivates one worker will not definitely motivate the other employee within the same company. The employee motivation is obviously important. In fact, it is one of the most important and essential factors for the achievement of employees, and ultimately, the organizational targets and goals Berman et al. Ololube asserts that motivation to work, whether intrinsic or extrinsic are very essential in the lives of workers because they form the fundamental reason for working in life. Motivation increases the job involvement by making the work more meaningful and interesting as well as the fact that it keeps the employees more productive and improves their subsequent job performance Kamery, ; Ekerman, Further research needs to be carried out on a larger population and sample size to increase the generalizability of the findings. In lay language, attitude may refer to the distinct concept of mood, or be especially synonymous with teenage rebellion. The object or phenomenon can be anything a person discriminates or holds in mind Bohner, G. Attitude plays an important role in generating a smooth assignment so that it can be executed efficiently and effectively with the consent of personal behavior. An organization is able to develop specific skills and training to its employees based on the needs and requirements of the organization. Particularly the military is in dire need of a positive thinking in all aspects of the assignment. Positive attitude in the nature of a person or the organization includes factors that will produce the best performance and achieve the standards set by the organization. Sergio Roman stated that the level of education affects a person in performing a task. High level of education will encourage an attitude to do the job better, and more quality compared to workers with lower education. Attitude consists of the three main components, namely discerning awareness, influence and behavior. Cognitive category in attitude is a belief, opinion and knowledge or information about an individual. Strict policies will create dissatisfaction among the employees because they feel that they are not being treated fairly and may feel constrained. Thus, a democratic organisational structure with fair and liberal policies is associated with high job satisfaction. Supervision: Supervision is a moderately important source of job satisfaction. There are two dimensions of supervisory styles which affect the job satisfaction: First is Employee Centeredness. Whenever the supervisor is friendly and supportive of the workers there is job satisfaction. Second is Participation. The superiors who allow their subordinates to participate in decisions that affect their own jobs, help in creating an environment which is highly conducive to job satisfaction. Thus, the supervisors who establish a supportive personal relationship with subordinates and take personal interest in them contribute to the employees satisfaction. Work Group: The nature of the work group or team will have effect on job satisfaction in the following ways: i A friendly and co-operative group provides opportunities to the group members to interact with each other. It serves as a source of support, comfort, advice and assistance to the individual group members. If on the other hand, the people are difficult to get along with, the work group will have a negative impact on job satisfaction. In such a group, there will less friction on day to day basis. Working Conditions: Good working conditions are desirable by the employees, as they lead to more physical comfort. People desire that there should be a clean and healthy working environment. Temperature, humidity, ventilation, lighting and noise, hours of work, cleanliness of the work place and adequate tools and equipment are the features which affect job satisfaction. While the desirable working conditions are taken for granted and may not contribute heavily towards job satisfaction, poor working conditions do become a source of job dissatisfaction, simply because they lead to physical discomfort and physical danger. Moreover, all the employees are not satisfied or dissatisfied by favourable or unfavourable work environment as shown in the figure. As shown in the figure, all the four employees are dissatisfied when the working conditions are unfavourable. However, as the working conditions start becoming favourable, the job satisfaction of employee A and B increases sharply while employees C and D have only minor increase in satisfaction. Some of the aspects of the work which affect job satisfaction are: a Job Scope: It provides the amount of responsibility, work pace and feedback. The higher the level of these factors, higher the job scope and higher the level of satisfaction. Excessive variety produces confusion and stress and a too little variety causes monotony and fatigue which are dissatisfies. Employees do not like it when their every step and every action is determined by their supervisor. Personal Factors: Personal attributes of the individuals also play a very important role as to whether they are satisfied at the job or not. Pessimists and people with negative attitudes will complain about everything including the job. They will always find something wrong in every job to complain about. Some of the important personal factors are: 1. Age and Seniority: With age, people become more mature and realistic and less idealistic so that they are willing to accept available resources and rewards and be satisfied about the situation. In terms of concepts learnt in this course, I rate leadership and job satisfaction very highly but the concept I think is the most important to any organisation is motivation. To have a satisfied, motivated, less stressed performing workforce an organization must have consistency amongst its structure, system, people, culture and good fit with the strategy. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website. The feelings, reflecting attitudes toward one's job, are known as job satisfaction. A person may attend work even when dissatisfied with her job because she cannot afford economically to miss work. A person may be absent from his job when satisfied with his job because of a number of reasons such as personal illness, illness of a child, transportation issues i. Level of job satisfaction is also highly related to turnover, absenteeism rate, work productivity or accomplishment Muchinsky, ; Organ, Many researchers e. Job satisfaction is important to an organisation success and therefore it is critical that every individual is satisfied within the workplace. It is just one indicator of a persons psychological well-being and can be defined as being a pleasure emotional state that results from the appraisal of an individuals job or job experiences Locke, It can influence a company at the individual level, the group level and even to the point of impacting a corporation as a whole. Employee contentment can also affect a company on the economic level. Job satisfaction influences nearly every aspect of a corporation. Primary data 2. Secondary data. In primary data the employees were approached directly to know their interest in the job and the satisfaction level being derived by them. There are many different types of components regarding attitudes which are cognitive, affective and behavioral. After carrying out the unpleasant, but necessary, layoffs within my organization, I have become increasingly concerned with the satisfaction levels of my current workforce. The cause and coping behavior of stress is affected by individual factors like the age, sex, and individual personality and the individual uses their own ways to reduce the stress and improve the working environment. These feelings are normal and all have to do with your job satisfaction.

If he feels his rewards are equitable with others doing the similar work in similar environment, he will feel satisfied. According to them, satisfaction and dissatisfaction are interdependent of each other and exist in a separate continuum.

How can companies improve job satisfaction essay

One set of factors known as hygiene factors act as dissatisfies. Their absence causes dissatisfaction but their presence does not result in positive satisfaction e.

Essay sample about rape other set of factors lead to satisfaction e. The main drawback of this theory is that the same factor may serve as a satisfier for one and dissatisfies for another.

Moreover, the same person can be satisfied and dissatisfied at the same time. When rewards actually received are less than the expected rewards, it causes dissatisfaction. This essay fails to reveal whether over satisfaction is or is not a dimension of dissatisfaction. Under this theory, satisfaction is defined as the difference between how outcomes that one perceives he actually received and outcomes that one feels he should receive in comparison with others. If his inputs job similar to those of referent can but his outcomes are less, he is likely to be dissatisfied.

Job satisfaction is a function of the degree to which the job meets the satisfaction of the group to which the individual looks for guidance in evaluating the world and defining social reality. This theory is an incomplete explanation since some people are independent of group opinions and group pressure.

Acknowledge their company based on their needs whether intrinsic, extrinsic, or combination of both. Because of this practicing, employees getting satisfaction with their jobs put more efforts and commitments in their works and results increase efficiency within the department.

It improves lower turnover rates, increase productivity and decrease the overall cost within IT department. essay on why my vote matters

How can companies improve job satisfaction essay

Good customer service was also frequently recognized in performance improves. Further, bank contributes to the pleasant atmosphere and to the ease with employees could help customers and each other. When the problems are needed to be solved, everyone involved and consulted, and solutions and decisions satisfaction usually based on opinions and recommendations agreed to by the group. Employees are taking their own initiate and judgment job solve problems and they have high job satisfaction within the organization.

As the value of high satisfied employees and their performance are important for the organization, today managers need to align with the organizational and individual interests in human capital management to improve employee job satisfaction. Besides, the organization also needs to create the needs of individuals for security and can that align with commitment and company to sustain of performance and competitive advantage.

Finally, the organization and an individual how need to be happy on their own field essay win-win situation.